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Graphical User Interface Evolution

Graphical User Interface(GUI) on computers has evolved over 4 decades. The webpage here captures the GUI evolution over a timeline to give the idea how from bit map GUI to touch screen, highly interactive GUI's have evolved over the years. 

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How to disable USB ports on Mac OS X Mavericks, Yosemite or El Capitan ?

We might wonder how to disable the USB ports on Mac to prevent data copy to external USB mass storage devices. The USB kext on os x is loaded at the time of start of the system, this can be loaded / unloaded using kextload or kextunload command. To disable USB port on Mac , follow below steps:
On Macs running Mountain Lion, Mavericks  and Yosemite:
Unmount any connected USB devices to the system by running below command                  $diskutil unmount /Volumes/USBDISK.Now unload the USB related kernel extensions in the following order using kextunload command.sudo kextunload -b
sudo kextunload -b
sudo kextunload -b

       This will unload the USB kext and disable the USB ports for storage devices on Mountain Lion, Mavericks  and Yosemite.
On Mac running El Capitan:
Unmount any connected USB devices to the system by running below command                  $diskutil unmount /Volumes/USBDI…

How to find firmware or boot ROM version in Mac OS X

Firmware and boot ROM version of your mac can be found in two ways.
Way 1 :
1. From "Apple" menu , choose "About This Mac" menu item. 2. Click " More Info " to open "System Profiler" application. 3. Under Contents -> Select Hardware Tree item.
On the right side panel Under hardware overview section, we can see Boot ROM Version and SMC (Firmware) Version.

Way 2 :
Run the below command in terminal to get boot ROM version and SMC(firmware) version :
$ system_profiler SPHardwareDataType | grep -i "Version" | awk -F ':' '{print $1 $2}'