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Increasing half-open tcp connections in windows xp and later systems

Sometimes we might need to increase the download speed for different downloads such as files, torrents  etc. On windows based systems to prevent rapid spreading of malwares from system to system microsoft introduced a limit to restrict half-open TCP connection limit to maximum of 10. This results in windows not to have more than 10 concurrent half-open outbound TCP connections. New connection attempts are put in a queue and forced to wait. Due to this speed of connection to other PCs is limited.You can change this configuration to your desired value in tcpip.sys file. The tcpip.sys file is a binary file hence require tool to do this. By increasing the half-open tcp connection limits, the tcp connection to remote pc becomes faster. make sure you use this feature carefully as your system might become target to malwares. Hence modify this configuration with all the necessary security measures( security softwares installed and configured )in place.The popular tool available to do this is available here

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How to disable USB ports on Mac OS X Mavericks, Yosemite or El Capitan ?

We might wonder how to disable the USB ports on Mac to prevent data copy to external USB mass storage devices. The USB kext on os x is loaded at the time of start of the system, this can be loaded / unloaded using kextload or kextunload command. To disable USB port on Mac , follow below steps:
On Macs running Mountain Lion, Mavericks  and Yosemite:
Unmount any connected USB devices to the system by running below command                  $diskutil unmount /Volumes/USBDISK.Now unload the USB related kernel extensions in the following order using kextunload command.sudo kextunload -b
sudo kextunload -b
sudo kextunload -b

       This will unload the USB kext and disable the USB ports for storage devices on Mountain Lion, Mavericks  and Yosemite.
On Mac running El Capitan:
Unmount any connected USB devices to the system by running below command                  $diskutil unmount /Volumes/USBDI…

How to find firmware or boot ROM version in Mac OS X

Firmware and boot ROM version of your mac can be found in two ways.
Way 1 :
1. From "Apple" menu , choose "About This Mac" menu item. 2. Click " More Info " to open "System Profiler" application. 3. Under Contents -> Select Hardware Tree item.
On the right side panel Under hardware overview section, we can see Boot ROM Version and SMC (Firmware) Version.

Way 2 :
Run the below command in terminal to get boot ROM version and SMC(firmware) version :
$ system_profiler SPHardwareDataType | grep -i "Version" | awk -F ':' '{print $1 $2}'